What are the 3 main types of electric vehicles?

There are three main types of electric vehicles: battery electric, plug-in hybrid and fuel cell. These vehicles use batteries that store electricity. They include a small gasoline engine to recharge the battery when needed. This allows the electric vehicles to use electricity as the primary source of power for the vehicle.

Electric cars are often categorized into three main categories, which are based on their range and charging options.

The three main types of electric vehicles are battery electric, fuel cell, and plug-in hybrid electric. Battery electric vehicles have all-electric engines and use a battery pack as their fuel source. Fuel cell electric vehicles use fuel cells to produce electricity, and they are similar to battery electric vehicles but do not have a range issue.

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Range-extended electric vehicles (REEV)

For a newbie, choosing the right type of electric vehicle can be confusing. There are three main categories: small electric cars, compact electric cars, and range-extended electric vehicles. Small electric cars are the most affordable, compact electric cars are in between, and range-extended electric vehicles are the most powerful.

Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV)

There are three main types of electric vehicles on the market today: Battery electric (BEV), plug-in hybrid electric (PHEV), and fuel cell electric (FCEV). You can learn more about each type of EV in this informative guide.

All-electric vehicles (EV)

There are three main types of electric vehicles: passenger cars, light commercial vehicles and heavy-duty trucks. Depending on the type, they have varying levels of charging capabilities. A passenger car can have a capacity to store enough energy to travel 100 miles or more on a single charge. You can expect a heavy-duty truck to have enough energy to travel 300 miles or more. A light commercial vehicle can have a range between 100-200 miles.

Battery electric vehicles (BEV)

A widely accepted classification of electric vehicles is based on the energy source they use. There are three major types of electric vehicles: plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV), battery electric vehicles (BEV) and fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEV).

Fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEV)

FCEVs can be categorized into three main types: battery electric vehicles (BEVs), hydrogen fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEVs), and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs). A BEV has an electric motor powered by a battery that stores electric energy created by the vehicle’s electric motor using a rechargeable battery. A FCEV is a BEV that has fuel cells instead of a battery for storing electric energy. A PHEV has both a battery and fuel cells to produce electricity to power the vehicle.


There are three main types of electric vehicles. The first type is a battery electric vehicle (BEV) which has a rechargeable battery that stores electric power. The next type is a plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) which has both a rechargeable battery and an internal combustion engine capable of running on fuel. The final type of electric vehicle is a fuel cell electric vehicle (FCEV), which uses fuel cells to produce electricity.

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